How to pick good outdoor boots

bootsMany fans of mountain sports often neglect the most important part of their body when it comes to hiking or mountaineering: feet. In this article, we aim to show a general guide and some tips that help us choose the right type of boot that we must use for the activity we are going to develop and for the type of terrain we are going to move.

We will have to choose our footwear based on the type of raids we used to do on the mountain. The activity that we are going to carry out together with the type of terrain we are going to move to and the time of year in which we will do this activity is the key. Before you go to the store we have to have these things very clear.

It is necessary to be aware that “for all” boots do not exist, and therefore it is advisable to have a pair of different mountain shoes for each condition (eg summer or winter) or only boots that fit the main type of route that we used to practice in the mountains. However, there are some common aspects that we will have to evaluate when making our choice, regardless of the use that we are going to give our boots. We are talking about the sole and the breathability.

Sole

Whether for hiking, trekking or mountaineering, the sole should always be non-slip and with

Whether for hiking, trekking or mountaineering, the sole should always be non-slip and with cleats. Today, the best thing is that we choose for Vibram sole: great grip and very resistant to abrasion. However, some brands make their own sole (eg Contagrip, Salomon brand). Although these “generic” soles usually show between mediocre and good results on easy terrain, they leave much to be desired in the face of more complicated terrain.

Mountain shoe soles

As can be seen in the images, the engraving of the soles is designed to expel the mud and elements that could stick. In addition, the distribution of the different densities of the sole, mainly the heel, will help us to cushion the shock impacts of our foot against the ground. The low-impact absorption soles transmit the perceptible waves from the sole to the base of the quadriceps (thigh), while in all technical soles it hardly reaches the knee. Also, the engraving of these soles is conceived so that in descents the heel retains the boot and does not skate, whereas in ascensions it obtains better adhesion thanks to the toe. For its part, the shape and strength of the sides provide a better grip of the foot in the quarters, avoiding sprains and injuries due to uneven terrain. Some soles have a pointed flange and heel to fit crampons with automatic fastening as we will discuss later.

Breathability

Another important element that we have to evaluate when choosing our footwear will be the breathability or the capacity of the fabric/membrane of the shoe to evacuate the moisture and the sweat from its interior. If your footwear does not perspire enough, our feet will be wet from our sweat and even the water that may have entered them. The consequences will be cooling and bad body thermoregulation, as well as a breeding ground for chafing, blisters, and fungi in the most extreme cases.

Therefore, all boots with a low sole and low breathable membranes will be automatically discarded of our choice. With the other options that meet such requirements, we will begin to play taking into consideration other optional variables and that adapt in the best possible way to the conditions for which we want them. If you want boots which are designed with great breathability then we would recommend tactical boots. You can view some of the best tactical boots here.

Impermeability

If you usually go out on the mountain only on sunny days and with stable weather in spring or summer, you could choose non-waterproof boots and instead have a grid for better ventilation and breathability.

If you usually go out on the mountain only on sunny days and with stable weather in spring or summer, you could choose non-waterproof boots and instead have a grid for better ventilation and breathability. For all other cases, the impermeability of your boots will be imperative. In the mountains, time changes abruptly, and any downpour, however small, will make the feet remain silent without a good membrane. Equally, walking between puddles and snow (even on sunny days) will be easier if our boots are well waterproof. Of course, this factor is linked to breathability, so do not settle for just one of the two properties. If you choose waterproof boots, make sure you also have a good breathability.

 

Feeding a dog: What amount is enough?
The amount of food you feed your dog depends on its age, size and activity, and the type of food you eat. The general rule is that puppies and smaller dogs burn more calories so they need a higher amount of foods rich in protein and fat. Older dogs, who are less active, need less calories to stay healthy. The best approach is to feed the dog with the amount of food that seems reasonable to you and monitor its body weight. When you run your hand across the dog’s side, you should easily feel his ribs. If you do not feel the ribs, the dog is probably too heavy and start feeding it with smaller amounts of food.

If you use commercial dog foods, consider the manufacturer’s instructions on feeding, but do not observe them blindly. They are just a dog feeding frame. Always begin to feed the dog with the minimum recommended portions, then monitor if your dog is hungry and, if necessary, increase the amount of food.

Although it may sound contradictory, larger dogs need less food when calculating the amount of food they eat per kilogram of body weight. Food requirements vary depending on the health status, amount of activity and age of the dog. With the introduction of the internet, it is easy to gather information about your dog by simply typing your question of interest ie ” history of the rottweiler ”  in the available search box, would give you a list of answers where you can pick the most suitable answer.  Here are some tips for feeding your dog:

Puppies

The pups get solid food after four weeks of age. They require foods rich in proteins and other nutrients to stimulate their growth and development. If you are buying ready-made food for dogs, always select one that is specially formulated for puppies. Small dogs should be fed at least three times a day: in the morning, at noon and early in the evening, as long as their demands on the amount of food gradually do not decrease to the amount eaten by the adult dog.

When the puppy reaches six months, feeding is reduced to two meals a day. If you have a picky puppy, add some warm water in dry food to make it easier to eat. Avoid giving cow’s milk, because puppies may have a laxative effect. If the puppy does not eat food for an hour, remove the remains.

The amount of food you feed your puppy will depend on its size, activity, metabolism, and environment.

If you feed your pup too much, it will not only be overweight, but can develop bone abnormalities and other health problems. If the puppy gets too much weight, gradually reduce his food intake, but if you see his ribs, increase the portion. If you are not sure which is the normal weight for your puppy, ask a veterinarian.

Adult Dogs

When the dog is full for a year, he has reached complete maturity. After this period, his diet will remain the same for the rest of his life, assuming he is not ill or exposed to increased physical activity. Its weight should be constant, and the body proportionate. A normal weight dog should feel the ribs with your fingertips below a thin layer of fat ..

If you are feeding your dog with food, choose one that is specially formulated for adult dogs. As with humans, a dog’s appetite may vary day by day. This is not alarming unless the dog loses a constant appetite and does not show obvious signs of weight loss or illness. Loss of appetite is one of the first signs of disease, so carefully follow the intake of food.

Active dogs should not be stored immediately before and after exercise, as this may cause disturbances with digestion. Dogs that work hard for one hour after the last physical effort of the day.

Older Dogs

They are less active and should consume less calories than dogs that are regularly active. If you are not careful, dogs who are not active can easily become obese.